Tanzania is blessed with large beautiful areas through which wild animals roam freely. The areas with the highest density of wildlife are the National Parks, of which the country has 15. There are also a number of other important wildlife areas, including Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Selous Game Reserve.
The most accessible tourist destination includes the Northern Parks. Safaris to the "northern circuit" usually start from Arusha, serviced by Kilimanjaro International Airport and Nairobi in Kenya. Most visitors will visit at least 3 of these parks during a one week (or longer) safari. Arusha and Kilimanjaro National Parks are frequented by trekkers. Many people visit Tanzania just to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, making Kilimanjaro one of the highest grossing Tanzanian parks.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area has its own classification, being a mixed-use area in which the Masai Community has a large presence in all areas other than within the Crater itself. The Ngorongoro Crater is the most well known part of the conservation Area, and few visitors realize just how large the conservation is. For more information on the area, visit the Ngorongoro page.
These are often sold as an extension to the northern and the southern parks, and are most easily accessed using scheduled flights from Arusha. These parks are often considered for the remoteness, sense of true wilderness and therefore typically a "second Safari destination."
The Southern parks tend to be accessed by air from Dar Es Salaam. A small portion of the vast Selous Game Reserve is dedicated to photographic tourism, the remainder (south of the Rufiji River) is allocated for Tourist Hunting. Most "southern circuit" safaris will visit Selous and Ruaha, with a few travelers also building Mikumi and Udzungwa into their itineraries.
The "off circuit"parks tend to be difficult to combine with other park circuits, and are therefore seldom visited. Guests to these areas will enjoy a great deal of privacy, but also a generally lower density of wildlife than can be seen in most of the other parks. These are unique areas that have been preserved and which have very limited accommodation options available.
Less well know are Tanzania's Game Reserves. For more information, visit our page on Game Reserves